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Shiawassee Amateur Radio Association [SARA]

"Whiskey 8 Quack Quack Quack"    ~    Established: January, 1958 an ARRL Affiliated Club since 1961
IARU: 2 Grid Square EN72wx   Latitude: 42.9819 N   Longitude: -84.1164 W   Alitude: 760 ft.

Meets at: James P. Capitan Center, Lower Level; 149 E. Corunna Ave.; Corunna, MI 48817 Monthly: 2nd Tuesday @ 7:00 PM

You're invited to a SARA club meeting!  7:00 PM the 2nd Tuesday of each month in Corunna, MI.

Contact us at:   SARA / W8QQQ <Email>

    Page Last Updated: 01-Apr-2021

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Quick Information:

SARA Meetings Details

SARA Calendar from the W8SHI site.

Details: VE Testing.

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SARA Club Items

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Download SARA's Excel Files:


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BCB Basics

DXing the 'clear-channel' and 'shared channel' giants.

Using your 'communications skills' to listen to the AM broadcast band [BCB] is a fun experience practiced by many hams. Low sunspot numbers and actual results on the bands mean addional time to follow this pursuit. The following suggested method will allow you to start gaining an understanding of additional propagation characteristics and let you enjoy listening to many signals. Many hams start out by DXing the BCB and then add shortwave DX listening [SWL-DX] experience and then jump into ham radio. These experiences add to your propagation understanding and increse your listening skills. Individuals find "like-minded people" and start to form groups and clubs. The internet allows people in a wide geographical area to connect and carry on these specific hobbies. Many people find the 'radio listening hobby' their only interest and do not add a ham license. A radio ham and his basic equipment can quickly start a concentrated examination of these approaches to this exciting hobby area. Typically regional politics, local emergencies and some intensive propaganda campaigns make use of the AM broadcast band as there primary media outlet, which is one path anyone can directly follow.

The 'local' AM stations play a leading role in reporting much of the news and sports entertainment for it's 'local' area. For a DX'er, these stations represent a great source of firsthand news even better than many short-wave bands. The ability to 'directly hear the station(s)' is the key. A good communications receiver and a little knowledge can get you started on this area of interest. Your abilities will depend on what skills and equipment you choose to use.

The hobby can be expanded in listening to some foreign BBC stations (near the border stations) as your skill set and interests start to branch out. During the daylight hours, local stations will fill the entire band, but in the 'dark hours' things start getting very interesting adding many DX'ing stations {further away distance listening is called DX}. Separating 'local stations' and 'DX' on one tuned frequency can be accomplished with directional receiving systems and some operating techniques. Prime DX'ing hours seem (for me) to be between 2:00 AM to 6:00 or 7:00 AM (sunrise). The sensitivity and selectivity of a good communication receiver allow for great listening. Using special directional antennas and electronic filtering (RF and audio) with multiple antennas will increase your capabilities (Loop antennas with 'other' antenna designs and then using special phasing and noise cancelling - see MFJ/DX Engineering and other web sites) . When getting started you should probably target your listening to the "giants of the AM band" - they usually have 50,000 watt transmitters. There are two types of these giants, the 'clear channel' stations (one major station on a 'clear' frequency in the U.S.) and the 'Shared Channel' stations (more than one station on a frequency with many other stations being "daylight only" on a shared frequency ~ then dropping to a single station on the one frequency at night. To assist your search see the table below (list is NOT all inclusive). See the link after the 'Shared Channel Station List' For FCC assignments which can help you identifiy station specifics in the U.S.

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Clear Channel Station List ~ USA

You can use online calculators for bearing and distance from your specific location to other latitude/longitude values to determine headings and distance. If you have your location, try putting in the Lat/Long from table into this site: Indo Distance Calculator ~ a simple distance calculator site. It gives distance with heading and reverse heading. We have an EXCEL file, Bearing Calculations (file download) that allows you to enter and calculate bearing information. The time of day, solar conditions, RF propagation characterstic's will all play a part in what you can actually hear.

Call SignLocationLatitudeLongitudeFrequency (kHz)
KFILos Angeles, CAN 33 52' 48"W 118 00' 12"640
WSMNashville, TNN 35 59' 50"W 86 47' 32"650
WNBCNew York, NYN 40 51' 35"W 73 47' 09"660
  WBAB/WFAA  Fort Worth, TXN 32 56' 40"W 96 59' 26"820
WCCOMinneapolis, MNN 45 10' 40"W 93 20' 55"830
WHASLouisville , KYN 38 15' 40"W 85 25' 40"840
WWLNew Orleans, LAN 29 50' 14"W 90 07' 55"870
WHODes Moines, IAN 41 39' 12"W 93 20' 56"1040
KSL  Salt Lake City, UT  N 40 46' 46"W 112 05' 56"1160
WOAISan Antonio, TXN 29 16' 03"W 98 16' 28"1200


Try tuning to frequency during daylight hours. Depending on distance you may or may not hear the station. Try again after dark and you should start to hear longer and longer distances. Be advised results vary greatly with solar sunspot activity.

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Shared Channel Station List ~ USA

These generally have other stations on frequency during 'daylight' hours, but own the specific frequency at night.

Call SignLocationLatitudeLongitudeFrequency (kHz)
WMAQChicago, ILN 41 56' 01"W 88 04' 23"670
WLW     Cincinnati, OH    N 39 21' 11"W 84 19' 30"700
WGNChicago, ILN 42 00' 42"W 88 02' 07"720
WSBAtlanta, GAN 33 50' 43"W 84 15' 12"750
WJRDetroit,MIN 42 10' 07"W 83 13' 00"760
WABCNew York, NYN 40 52' 50"W 74 04' 12"770
WBBMChicago, ILN 41 59' 32"W 88 01' 36"780
KGOSan Francisco, CAN 37 31' 39"W 122 06' 05"810
WCBSNew York, NYN 41 51' 35"W 73 47' 09"780
WLSChicago, ILN 41 33' 21"W 87 50' 54"890
KDKAPittsburg, PAN 40 33' 25"W 79 57' 08"1020
WBZBoston, MAN 42 16' 41"W 70 52' 36"1030
  WYW/WWWE  Clevland, OHN 41 16' 50"W 81 37' 22"1100
KMOXSt. Louis, MON 38 43' 20"W 90 03' 16"1120
WHAMRochester, NYN 43 04' 55"W 77 43' 30"1180
 WCAU  Philadelphia, PA N 39 58' 46"W 74 59' 13"1210


Use these to check out your phasing and noise cancelling equipment - great for daylight testing. Also great to use with a K9LAY directional antenna as your 'main' receiving antenna. This will start to give you some good capability tryouts for your equipment/techniques. Enjoy your AM band experiences and good luck. You can then gain better daytime reception of many other stations. My experience is that the directional phasing and noise cancelling works okay on the BCB. Let us know your results with a quick email !

A usefull site for AM station information is: FCC List of AM License Classes. Also a 'general query page' for AM stations is at: FCC AM Query Page.

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Some Other Giants Station List ~ non-USA

Lets try for some 'giant' stations in North America, but outside the United States (mostly). {We continue working to verify current standings on the below information - December, 2020.}

Call SignLocationLatitudeLongitudeFrequency (kHz)
CBKRegina, SaskatchewanN 50 40' 48"W 105 26' 48"540
CKGMMontreal, QuebecN 45 17' 43.08"W 73 43' 18.12"690
  XEX  Mexico City, MexicoN 19 21' 54.18" W 98 57' 27.73" 730
CBZMToronto, Ontario N 43.6489  W 79.3817 740
CKLWWindsor, OntarioN 42.0569W 83.0028800
XEROKCiudad Juarez, MexicoN 31 41' 44"W 106 23' 01"800
CJBCToronto, OntarioN 43 34' 30"W 79 49' 03" 860
XEWMexico City, MexicoN 19 21' 54.18"W 98 57' 27.73"900
CINW  Montreal, Quebec  N 45 23' 34.08"W 73 41' 53.16"940
XEQ  Mexico City, Mexico  N 19 21' 36.78" W 98 59' 31.9"940
CBWWinnipeg, ManittobaN 49 50' 10"W 97 30' 46"990
CFRB  Toronto, Ontario  N 43 30' 39.67"W 79 37' 48.07"1010
{VOA}  Marathon Key, FL [Inside US] N 24 41' 58"W 81 05' 19"1180
CBEF  Windsor, Ontario  N 42 12' 56"W 82 55' 15"1550
XERF  Cuidad Acuna, Mexico  N 29 20' 52"W 101 01' 55"1570

I know we are not supposed to use direct links to Wikipedia, so copy and past this link to look at "clear channel" stations. .

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