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Shiawassee Amateur Radio Association [SARA]

Established: January, 1958  an ARRL Affiliated Club since 1961

"Whiskey 8 Quack Quack Quack"

Meets at: James P. Capitan Center, Lower Level; 149 E. Corunna Ave.; Corunna, MI 48817

Club station located in the James P. Capitan Center - Lower Level.
Grid Square EN72wx   Latitude: 42.9819 N   Longitude: -84.1164 W   Alitude: 760 ft.



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Phonetic Alphabet & Q-Signals

ITU Phontic Alphabet

The International Telecommunications Union [ITU] is the international organization coordinating global radio usage. The Amateur Radio organizational unit is the International Amateur Radio Union [IARU]. The use of a common alphabet and pronounciation for communication is highly reccommended by these organizations. The following table lists the current values.

LetterWordPronounciation LetterWordPronounciation
AAlfaAL FAH NNovemberNO VEM BER
BBravoBRAH VOH OOscarOSS CAH
CCharlieCHAR LEE PPapaPAH PAH
DDeltaDEL TAH QQuebecKEH BECK
EEchoECK OH RRomeoROW ME OH
FFoxtrotFOKS TROT SSierraSEE AIR RAH
GGolfGOLF TTangoTANG GO
HHotelHOH TELL  UUniformYOU NEE FORM
IIndiaIN DEE AH VVictorVIC TAH
JJuiletJEW LEE ETT WWhiskeyWISS KEY
KKiloKEY LOH XX-RayECKS RAY
LLimaLEE MAH YYankeeYANG KEY
MMikeMIKE ZZuluZOO LOO

 

The bold face syllables in the Pronounciation area are to be emphasized.

English speakers should note the lack of an "R-sound" in the letters "O" and "V" phonetic.

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Q-Signals

Q-signals are a set of abbreviations used to save time during communications. They even allow communication between operators who don’t speak a common language. While Q-signals were originally developed for use by Morse operators (CW), modern hams use them with mostly all modes (phone, RTTY, etc.). You will often hear, "QRZ?" which translates to "Is someone calling me?" or "I’m getting a little QRM." which is "I’m receiving some interference."; or perhaps "Let’s QSY up 2" as operators change from a frequency to a slightly higher frequency (up 2 kHz). Q-signals are a radio shorthand method older than the start of wireless (radio) communication they were initially developed for use with the even older telegraphy codes (telegraph wires). The table below lists the more common Q-signals currently used by hams.

Abbr.Statement / Question
QRG Your exact frequency (or that of ______) is _________kHz. Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of __________)?
QRH Your frequency varies. Does my frequency vary?
QRI The tone of your transmission is (1. Good; 2. Variable; 3. Bad). How is the tone of my transmission?
QRK The readability of your signal (or those of ...) is ... (1 to 5). What is tehe readabilty of my signal (or those of __________)?
QRL I am busy (or I am busy with _________). Are you busy? Usually used to see if a frequency is busy.
QRM Your transmission is being interfered with _________ (1. Nil; 2. Slightly; 3. Moderately; 4. Severely; 5. Extremely.) Is my transmission being interfered with?
QRN I am troubled by static _________. (1 to 5 as under QRM.) Are you troubled by static?
QRO Increase power. Shall I increase power?
QRP Decrease power. Shall I decrease power?
QRQSend faster (_________wpm). Shall I send faster?
QRSSend more slowly (_________wpm). Shall I send more slowly?
QRTStop sending. Shall I stop sending?
QRUI have nothing for you. Have you anything for me?
QRVI am ready. Are you ready?
QRXI will call you again at ______hours (on ______kHz). When will you call me again? Minutes are usually implied rather than hours.
QRZYou are being called by _________ (on ______kHz). Who is calling me?
QSBYour signals are fading. Are my signals fading?
QSKI can hear you between signals; break in on my transmission. Can you hear me between your signals and if so can I break in on your transmission?
QSLI am acknowledging receipt. Can you acknowledge receipt (of a message or transmission)?
QSMRepeat the last message (telegram) which you sent me. Shall I repeat the last message (telegram) I sent (or some previous message)?
QSOI can communicate with _________ direct (or relay through ______). Can you communicate with ______ direct or by relay?
QSPI will relay to ______. Will you relay to ______?
QSTGeneral call preceding a message addressed to all amateurs and ARRL members. This is in effect "CQ ARRL."
QSXI am listening to ______ on ______kHz. Will you listen to ______on ______kHz?
QSYChange to transmission on another frequency (or on ______kHz). Shall I change to transmission on another frequency (or on ______kHz)?
QTCI have ______messages for you (or for ______). How many messages have you to send?
QTGI am going to send two dashs of ten seconds each followed by callsign. Will you send two dashes of ten seconds followed by callsign (or will you request ... to send two daashes of ten seconds followed by call sign)?
QTHMy location is _________. What is your location (latitude & longitude)?
QTRThe time is _________. What is the correct time?

 

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