Established: January, 1958 an ARRL Affiliated Club since 1961
"Whiskey 8 Quack Quack Quack"
Meets at: James P. Capitan Center, Lower Level; 149 E. Corunna Ave.; Corunna, MI 48817
Club station located in the James P. Capitan Center - Lower Level.
Grid Square EN72wx Latitude: 42.9819 N Longitude: -84.1164 W Alitude: 760 ft.
The International Telecommunications Union [ITU] is the international organization coordinating global radio usage. The Amateur Radio organizational unit is the International Amateur Radio Union [IARU]. The use of a common alphabet and pronounciation for communication is highly reccommended by these organizations. The following table lists the current values.
|A||Alfa||AL FAH||N||November||NO VEM BER|
|B||Bravo||BRAH VOH||O||Oscar||OSS CAH|
|C||Charlie||CHAR LEE||P||Papa||PAH PAH|
|D||Delta||DEL TAH||Q||Quebec||KEH BECK|
|E||Echo||ECK OH||R||Romeo||ROW ME OH|
|F||Foxtrot||FOKS TROT||S||Sierra||SEE AIR RAH|
|H||Hotel||HOH TELL||U||Uniform||YOU NEE FORM|
|I||India||IN DEE AH||V||Victor||VIC TAH|
|J||Juilet||JEW LEE ETT||W||Whiskey||WISS KEY|
|K||Kilo||KEY LOH||X||X-Ray||ECKS RAY|
|L||Lima||LEE MAH||Y||Yankee||YANG KEY|
The bold face syllables in the Pronounciation area are to be emphasized.
English speakers should note the lack of an "R-sound" in the letters "O" and "V" phonetic.
Q-signals are a set of abbreviations used to save time during communications. They even allow communication between operators who don’t speak a common language. While Q-signals were originally developed for use by Morse operators (CW), modern hams use them with mostly all modes (phone, RTTY, etc.). You will often hear, "QRZ?" which translates to "Is someone calling me?" or "I’m getting a little QRM." which is "I’m receiving some interference."; or perhaps "Let’s QSY up 2" as operators change from a frequency to a slightly higher frequency (up 2 kHz). Q-signals are a radio shorthand method older than the start of wireless (radio) communication they were initially developed for use with the even older telegraphy codes (telegraph wires). The table below lists the more common Q-signals currently used by hams.
|Abbr.||Statement / Question|
|QRG||Your exact frequency (or that of ______) is _________kHz. Will you tell me my exact frequency (or that of __________)?|
|QRH||Your frequency varies. Does my frequency vary?|
|QRI||The tone of your transmission is (1. Good; 2. Variable; 3. Bad). How is the tone of my transmission?|
|QRK||The readability of your signal (or those of ...) is ... (1 to 5). What is tehe readabilty of my signal (or those of __________)?|
|QRL||I am busy (or I am busy with _________). Are you busy? Usually used to see if a frequency is busy.|
|QRM||Your transmission is being interfered with _________ (1. Nil; 2. Slightly; 3. Moderately; 4. Severely; 5. Extremely.) Is my transmission being interfered with?|
|QRN||I am troubled by static _________. (1 to 5 as under QRM.) Are you troubled by static?|
|QRO||Increase power. Shall I increase power?|
|QRP||Decrease power. Shall I decrease power?|
|QRQ||Send faster (_________wpm). Shall I send faster?|
|QRS||Send more slowly (_________wpm). Shall I send more slowly?|
|QRT||Stop sending. Shall I stop sending?|
|QRU||I have nothing for you. Have you anything for me?|
|QRV||I am ready. Are you ready?|
|QRX||I will call you again at ______hours (on ______kHz). When will you call me again? Minutes are usually implied rather than hours.|
|QRZ||You are being called by _________ (on ______kHz). Who is calling me?|
|QSB||Your signals are fading. Are my signals fading?|
|QSK||I can hear you between signals; break in on my transmission. Can you hear me between your signals and if so can I break in on your transmission?|
|QSL||I am acknowledging receipt. Can you acknowledge receipt (of a message or transmission)?|
|QSM||Repeat the last message (telegram) which you sent me. Shall I repeat the last message (telegram) I sent (or some previous message)?|
|QSO||I can communicate with _________ direct (or relay through ______). Can you communicate with ______ direct or by relay?|
|QSP||I will relay to ______. Will you relay to ______?|
|QST||General call preceding a message addressed to all amateurs and ARRL members. This is in effect "CQ ARRL."|
|QSX||I am listening to ______ on ______kHz. Will you listen to ______on ______kHz?|
|QSY||Change to transmission on another frequency (or on ______kHz). Shall I change to transmission on another frequency (or on ______kHz)?|
|QTC||I have ______messages for you (or for ______). How many messages have you to send?|
|QTG||I am going to send two dashs of ten seconds each followed by callsign. Will you send two dashes of ten seconds followed by callsign (or will you request ... to send two daashes of ten seconds followed by call sign)?|
|QTH||My location is _________. What is your location (latitude & longitude)?|
|QTR||The time is _________. What is the correct time?|